Environmental Data Compendium
70 factsheets about the environment

Nature, landscape and biodiversity

Due to measures to improve the water quality, expansion of the nature area and nature management, the overall loss of biodiversity in the Netherlands has slowed down with the onset of a modest recovery. This latter is mainly due to the improvements of fresh water habitats and marshlands. However, an ongoing loss of biodiversity is most profound in the agricultural areas, with also decreasing trends in open dune habitat and heathland.

The Dutch landscape is foremost a man-made landscape. It is the result of the interaction between man (cultivation and use) and nature (water, soil and ecosystems). The degree of landscape openness is one of the key aspects of the Dutch landscape. On the other hand is the influence of man-made objects on the public's perception of the attractiveness of the landscape.

The editors have selected the most important indicators. Together, they provide a picture of the state and trends of nature, landscape and biodiversity in the Netherlands.


Recently updated

Land footprint, 1990-2013

Indicator | 15 February 2018

The amount of land required for Dutch consumption totaled about two and a half times the surface area of the Netherlands in 2013. About 0.5 hectares was used per person. Almost 80% of... more

Number of threatened species in The Netherlands, by 2017

Indicator | 5 December 2017

Officially assembled Red Lists show that many Dutch plant and animal species are threatened with extinction.

Ecosystem quality and trends in soil pH, 2016

Indicator | 23 November 2017

In many ecosystems soil quality is good, measured in terms of soil pH. But soil pH in parts of grasslands and marsh ecosystems is not yet within acceptable levels. In all ecosystems... more

Ecosystem quality and trends in nitrogen availability, 2016

Indicator | 23 November 2017

In many ecosystems the environmental pressure from nitrogen deposition is still too high. In forest, open dune and heath ecosystems in particular, conditions almost everywhere are... more

Greenhouse gas emissions, 1990-2016

Indicator | 6 September 2017

In 2016 greenhouse gas emissions (provisional data) were 0.7 per cent higher than in 2015. The level of the emissions was 12 per cent under the Kyoto protocol base year.

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The Environmental Data Compendium is a partnership of CBS, PBL, RIVM and WUR.