Environmental Data Compendium
70 factsheets about the environment

Nature, landscape and biodiversity

Due to measures to improve the water quality, expansion of the nature area and nature management, the overall loss of biodiversity in the Netherlands has slowed down with the onset of a modest recovery. This latter is mainly due to the improvements of fresh water habitats and marshlands. However, an ongoing loss of biodiversity is most profound in the agricultural areas, with also decreasing trends in open dune habitat and heathland.

The Dutch landscape is foremost a man-made landscape. It is the result of the interaction between man (cultivation and use) and nature (water, soil and ecosystems). The degree of landscape openness is one of the key aspects of the Dutch landscape. On the other hand is the influence of man-made objects on the public's perception of the attractiveness of the landscape.

The editors have selected the most important indicators. Together, they provide a picture of the state and trends of nature, landscape and biodiversity in the Netherlands.

 

Recent vernieuwd

Greenhouse gas emissions, 1990-2015

Indicator | 25 April 2017

In 2015 greenhouse gas emissions were 4.1 per cent higher than in 2014. The level of the emissions was 12 per cent under the Kyoto protocol base year.

Nitrate in upper groundwater under agricultural land, 1992-2015

Indicator | 29 March 2017

Average nitrate concentration in groundwater in the Sand Region has diminished to levels close to the Nitrates Directive.
The four-year average of nitrate concentrations in on-... more

Number of threatened species in The Netherlands, by 2015

Indicator | 23 November 2016

Officially assembled Red Lists show that many Dutch plant and animal species are threatened with extinction.

Greenhouse gas emissions, 1990-2015

Indicator | 5 September 2016

In 2015 greenhouse gas emissions (preliminary data) were 5 per cent higher than in 2014. The level of the emissions was 12 per cent under the Kyoto protocol base year.

Greenhouse gas emissions, 1990-2014

Indicator | 4 April 2016

In 2014 greenhouse gas emissions were 4 per cent lower than in 2013. The level of the emissions was 16 per cent under the Kyoto protocol base year.

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The Environmental Data Compendium is a partnership of PBL, CBS and Wageningen UR.