Sustainable development

Green tax revenues, 2001-2016

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In 2016 revenues from green taxes were 20.6 billion euros, 3.3 percent more than in 2015. The revenues increased since 2001 by 43.7 percent. In 2016 the total amount on revenues of the Dutch government were 165.6 billion euros; of which 12.5 percent on green taxes.

General developments

Green taxes are mainly linked to the possession and use of motor vehicles. In 2016 the Dutch government received 8.1 billion euros on excise duty on petrol and other mineral oils, 1.6 billion euros on private motor vehicle and motorcycle tax (BPM) and 5.6 billion euros on road tax. Since ten years the green tax revenues are about 18-20 billion euros.

Environmental levies

Of the total of green taxes 5.3 billion euros is coming from environmental levies (about 25 %). Revenues from green taxes especially concern excise duty on petrol and other mineral oils (8.1 billion euros). Other revenues are taxes on fuel, waste, drinking and ground water.

Excise duty on petrol and other mineral oils

In 2016, almost 40% of the revenues from green taxes came from excise duty on petrol and other mineral oils. This was therefore the largest green tax income item. Revenues from excise duty on petrol and other mineral oils were a little higher in 2016 than in 2015. Due to the stop of the low taxed read diesel for agricultural vehicles and machines excise duty increased in 2013.

Road tax

In 2016, about a quarter of the revenues from green taxes came from the road tax. Every owner of a car, delivery van, motorcycle or lorry was required to pay road tax every quarter, or once a year. The rate depended, among other things, on the type of engine. As part of a mobility tax plan (Ministerie van Financiën, 2011), the government changed regulations concerning the road tax and the BPM. Fuel-efficient cars, such as hybrid cars, were made exempt from road tax several years ago. This exemption was limited in 2014, and disappeared in 2015.

Private motor vehicle and motorcycle tax (BPM)

In 2016, more than 7 percent of the revenues from green taxes came from the BPM. The first time that a car is registered, BPM must be paid. The amount of the BPM is dependable on the emission of carbon dioxide. Electric passenger cars are exempted from BPM. Revenues from the BPM have declined since 2007. In 2016 the revenues increased considerably and came back to the level of 2012.


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Reference for this page

CBS, PBL, RIVM, WUR (2017). Green tax revenues, 2001-2016 (indicator 0360, version 15 , 6 September 2017 ). Statistics Netherlands (CBS), The Hague; PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Hague; RIVM National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven; and Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen.

The Environmental Data Compendium is a partnership of CBS, PBL, RIVM and WUR.