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  1. Red List Indicator, 1995- 2020

    Indicator | 13 June 2021

    Since 1995 the number of endangered species increased slightly. However, a noticeable reduction in levels of threat was identified. … more

  2. Farmland bird indicator, 1915-2019

    Indicator | 25 April 2021

    Changes in agricultural practices have caused a significant decline in breeding birds typical of agricultural areas in the Netherlands, starting from the early 20th century. … more

  3. Manure surpluses in agriculture, 1970-2019

    Indicator | 8 April 2021

    Since 2006, when a new fertiliser policy was introduced in the Netherlands, the nitrogen surplus in agriculture decreased by 27 percent. In 2019, the nitrogen surplus was at the… more

  4. Trend fauna- all species monitored- Living Planet Index Netherlands, 1990-2019

    Indicator | 1 April 2021

    The Living Planet Index of the Netherlands has increased with 1.4% since 1990. The trend has stabilised over the past twelve years. … more

  5. Quality surface water, 2019

    Indicator | 14 January 2021

    Most water bodies do not meet the quality requirements as laid down in the European Water Framework Directive (WFD). The chemical quality is in most water bodies insufficient. The… more

  6. Green tax revenues, 2001-2019

    Indicator | 23 March 2021

    In 2019 revenues from green taxes were 24.4 billion euros, 6.8 percent more than in 2018. Since 2001 revenues increased by 71 percent. In 2019 the total amount on revenues of the… more

  7. Number of threatened and extinct species in The Netherlands, by 2020

    Indicator | 10 November 2020

    Officially assembled Red Lists show that many Dutch plant and animal species are threatened with extinction. … more

  8. Waste generation and treatment, 1985-2018

    Indicator | 10 November 2020

    More and more waste is being recovered or incinerated, while less and less is being sent to landfill sites. 61 million tons of waste was generated in 2018 (excluding contaminated… more

  9. Waste generation and treatment by sector, 1990-2018

    Indicator | 6 November 2020

    The amount of waste generated in 2018 was 61 million tons (excluding contaminated soil, dredged spoils and animal manure). Nearly 93% of the waste generated was recovered; less and… more

  10. Wind energy capacity, 1990-2019

    Indicator | 8 September 2020

    In 2019 Dutch wind energy capacity (4,5 thousand megawatts) increased by 2% compared to 2018. … more

  11. Use of renewable energy for transport, 2005-2019

    Indicator | 8 September 2020

    Since 2007, the use of renewable energy for transport has increased, because petrol and diesel suppliers are obliged by law to supply renewable energy. Since 2017 the share of… more

  12. Renewable energy use, 1990-2019

    Indicator | 8 September 2020

    The share of renewable energy in total energy consumption increased from 7.4 percent in 2018 to 8.7 percent in 2019. According to the EU Renewable Energy Directive, the Dutch share… more

  13. Greenhouse gas emissions, 1990-2018

    Indicator | 22 July 2020

    In 2018, greenhouse gas emissions were 2.7% lower than in 2017, a decrease of 5.1 Mton CO2 equivalents. Emissions in 2018 were 15.1% lower than in 1990. The target for 2020… more

  14. Ozone layer, 1980-2019

    Indicator | 3 July 2020

    The thickness of the ozone layer has decreased by 5% worldwide during the last 25 years, with most depletion taking place between 1980 and 1990. Since the early 1990s, it has… more

  15. Land use in the Netherlands, 2015

    Indicator | 8 January 2020

    The Netherlands is a green country, with more than four fifths of its surface area used for recreation, agriculture, woodland and nature. However, land use varies greatly from… more

  16. Nitrogen deposition, 1990-2018

    Indicator | 9 January 2020

    Nitrogen deposition, averaged over the Netherlands, totalled 1,730 mol nitrogen per ha (mol N/ha) in 2018. Deposition has therefore decreased by 36% since 1990. Since 2005 the… more

  17. Road traffic: volume trends and environmental pressure, 1990-2018

    Indicator | 27 September 2019

    Implemented measures resulted in a decrease in emissions of particulate matter and nitrogen oxides since 1990, despite an increase in the number of vehicle kilometres. Carbon… more

  18. Exceedance of critical loads for nitrogen deposition on nature, 1995-2016

    Indicator | 2 March 2021

    The average nitrogen deposition on terrestrial ecosystems in the Netherlands has stabilised in recent years. However, across large areas of different ecosystems the deposition… more

  19. Ecosystem quality and trends in nitrogen availability, 2017

    Indicator | 2 March 2021

    In many ecosystems the environmental pressure from nitrogen deposition is still too high. In forest, open dune and heath ecosystems in particular, conditions almost everywhere are… more

  20. Trends in ecological quality, 1994-2017

    Indicator | 14 January 2021

    Since 1994 the average ecological quality of all types of terrestrial ecosystems has declined. This decline has now been halted. In recent years, the average ecological quality of… more

  21. Quality and trends of groundwater-dependent ecosystems, 2017

    Indicator | 2 March 2021

    Sites with moderate or bad groundwater levels are found throughout the country and in all ecosystem types. Marshes, wet heaths and wet grasslands in particular suffer from water… more

  22. Ecosystem quality and trends in soil pH, 2017

    Indicator | 2 March 2021

    In many ecosystems soil quality is good, measured in terms of soil pH. But soil pH in parts of grasslands and marsh ecosystems is not yet within acceptable levels. In all… more

  23. Realisation of the national ecological network- land acquisition and conversion, 1990-2017

    Indicator | 5 December 2018

    On 1 January 2017 more than 108,000 hectares of land had been acquired (including change of designated land use) for realising the national ecological network (NEN). Between 2011… more

  24. Habitat defragmentation measures for infrastructure, 2017

    Indicator | 2 March 2021

    At the end of 2017 114 of the 178 ecological barriers caused by national transport infrastructure had been removed and 46 partly removed by taking mitigation measures, such as the… more

  25. Spatial connectivity of the national ecological network, 2015

    Indicator | 2 March 2021

    The increase in the total area of wildlife habitat since 1990 has also improved the spatial connectivity of ecosystems in the Netherlands. However, a considerable part of the… more

  26. Measures for migratory fish, 2018

    Indicator | 19 April 2018

    The construction of dams and pumping stations means that fish migrating from the sea or the major rivers are only able to reach a part of the streams and polder water areas. Fish… more

  27. Membership of Dutch private nature conservation organisations, 1989-2016

    Indicator | 11 October 2017

    In 2016 the combined membership of the four biggest nature conservation organisations declined slightly. For years the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) has had the largest… more

  28. Angling in the Netherlands, 1990-2015

    Indicator | 24 January 2017

    Over half a million anglers are active members of an angling club in the Netherlands, through a system of fishing passes introduced in 2007.… more

  29. Ecosystem quality, 2012

    Indicator | 2 March 2021

    An indicator of ecosystem quality is the number of qualifying species present in protected natural areas. A comparison between the periods 2006-2012 and 2000-2005 shows that the… more

  30. Conservation status and trends in species and habitat types under the Birds and Habitats Directives, 2007-2012

    Indicator | 2 March 2021

    Almost all the habitat types in the Netherlands have an unfavourable-bad to unfavourable-inadequate conservation status. About a quarter of the Habitats Directive species have a… more

  31. Dutch biodiversity footprint, 1990- 2010

    Indicator | 5 August 2016

    The total Dutch biodiversity footprint increased by 11 percent between 1990 and 2000 and has decreased since then. Compared to 1990 the footprint in 2010 increased by 5 percent.… more

  32. Regional economic growth, 2014

    Indicator | 6 July 2016

    Excluding the sector mineral extraction, the Dutch economy grew 1.6 percent in 2014, following two years of contraction. Economic growth including mineral extraction was only 1.0… more

  33. Ownership of housing stock, 2006-2014

    Indicator | 24 December 2015

    On 1 January 2014, there were 7.5 million houses in the Netherlands. This represents an increase of 7.1% compared with 1 January 2006. Since 2006 a slight increase was seen in… more

  34. Emissions of National Emission Ceiling (NEC) substances, 1990-2013

    Indicator | 13 October 2015

    Emissions of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, ammonia, particulate matter and NMVOCs have declined considerably since 1990. With the exception of ammonia all emissions in 2012… more

  35. Ecosystem goods and services in the Netherlands, 2013

    Indicator | 6 October 2015

    Dutch society makes use of a variety of goods and services provided by ecosystems - commonly referred to as ecosystem services. The results show that in no case do ecosystems in… more

  36. Nature and Landscape Index

    Indicator | 2 March 2021

    The Nature and Landscape Index (Index NL) shows the quality of natural areas and landscapes and the way the quality is developing. This index replaces the 'nature target types'… more

  37. Effects of climate change on cold and heat-loving species, 1990-2013

    Indicator | 10 March 2015

    The number of cold-loving species has been reduced in recent years, but the number of heat-loving species has grown. Numbers of temperature-neutral species have remained more or… more

  38. Unoccupied dwellings, 2013

    Indicator | 26 September 2014

    On 1 January 2013, more than 390 thousand homes in the Netherlands were unoccupied. This is 5 percent of all housing in the country. Four percent of one-family houses and eight… more

  39. Visibility and influence of landscape appreciation by wind turbines, 2012

    Indicator | 2 March 2021

    Land-based wind turbines in the Netherlands are visible from about one-fifth of the country's surface area, and affect the public's appreciation of the landscape. The size of the… more

  40. Environmental quality of surface water and natural areas, 1990-2010

    Indicator | 2 March 2021

    The environmental quality of surface water and natural water areas has improved, but is often not enough to ensure their sustainable conservation. Dutch policy aims to create… more

  41. Change in species numbers in natural and agricultural areas, 1975-2005

    Indicator | 20 May 2014

    A decrease in the numbers of target species as defined in Dutch nature policy was seen in agricultural areas, whereas they increased in natural areas.… more

  42. Landscape openness

    Indicator | 2 March 2021

    Despite the trend towards uniformity in the Dutch landscape, extremes in terms of the degree of landscape openness can still be found. The most open areas are the large water… more

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The Environmental Data Compendium is a partnership of CBS, PBL, RIVM and WUR.