Environmental Data Compendium
64 factsheets about the environment

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  1. Quality of macroinvertebrate in fresh surface water, 1991-2010

    Indicator | 17 November 2014

    The quality of macro invertebrates is low for all types of surface water. A good quality was only found at a few sites. Although there was a slight improvement between 1990 and… more

  2. Quality surface water, 2015

    Indicator | 12 January 2016

    Most water bodies do not meet the quality requirements as laid down in the European Water Framework Directive (WFD). The chemical quality is in most water bodies insufficient. The… more

  3. Ozone layer, 1980-2012

    Indicator | 27 June 2014

    The thickness of the ozone layer has decreased by 5% worldwide during the last 25 years, with most depletion taking place between 1980 and 1990. Since the early 1990s, it has… more

  4. Landscape openness

    Indicator | 20 May 2014

    Despite the trend towards uniformity in the Dutch landscape, extremes in terms of the degree of landscape openness can still be found. The most open areas are the large water… more

  5. Exotic species in fresh water, 1900-2010

    Indicator | 7 June 2014

    There has been a considerable increase in the number of new species found in Dutch surface waters. While most new species enter the Netherlands as a result of the trade in pond and… more

  6. Sustainable production chains: wood, 2005-2013

    Indicator | 30 July 2015

    The market share of certified sustainably produced timber in the Netherlands increased to 74% between 2011 and 2013, primarily as sheet material increased from 51% to 80%. … more

  7. Conservation status and trends in species and habitat types under the Birds and Habitats Directives, 2007-2012

    Indicator | 19 October 2016

    Almost all the habitat types in the Netherlands have an unfavourable-bad to unfavourable-inadequate conservation status. About a quarter of the Habitats Directive species have a… more

  8. Ecosystem quality, 2012

    Indicator | 19 October 2016

    An indicator of ecosystem quality is the number of qualifying species present in protected natural areas. A comparison between the periods 2006-2012 and 2000-2005 shows that the… more

  9. Nitrate in upper groundwater under agricultural land, 1992-2015

    Indicator | 29 March 2017

    Average nitrate concentration in groundwater in the Sand Region has diminished to levels close to the Nitrates Directive. The four-year average of nitrate concentrations in… more

  10. Net environmental costs by sector, 1985-2013

    Indicator | 11 April 2017

    Total net environmental costs rose annually by an average 6.3 percent between 1985 and 2013. Costs decreased in 2005 and 2009, as a result of reduced costs for companies and… more

  11. Realisation of new Dutch National Ecological Network- agri-environment schemes

    Indicator | 7 July 2017

    The indicator 'Realisation of new Dutch National Ecological Network - agri-environment schemes' has expired.Information can be found in indicatormore

  12. Land footprint, 1990-2013

    Indicator | 15 February 2018

    The amount of land required for Dutch consumption totaled about two and a half times the surface area of the Netherlands in 2013. About 0.5 hectares was used per person. Almost 80%… more

  13. Measures for migratory fish, 2018

    Indicator | 19 April 2018

    The construction of dams and pumping stations means that fish migrating from the sea or the major rivers are only able to reach a part of the streams and polder water areas. Fish… more

  14. Wind energy capacity, 1990-2017

    Indicator | 24 July 2018

    In 2017 Dutch wind energy capacity (4,2 megawatts) was about the same as in 2016. … more

  15. Change in species numbers in natural and agricultural areas, 1975-2005

    Indicator | 20 May 2014

    A decrease in the numbers of target species as defined in Dutch nature policy was seen in agricultural areas, whereas they increased in natural areas.… more

  16. Nature and Landscape Index

    Indicator | 5 August 2015

    The Nature and Landscape Index (Index NL) shows the quality of natural areas and landscapes and the way the quality is developing. This index replaces the 'nature target types'… more

  17. Overfertilization in the National Ecological Network, 1990-2010

    Indicator | 7 January 2015

    Nitrogen deposition in the National Ecological Network (EHS) and in Natura 2000 areas has decreased in recent years. However, deposition is still higher than sustainable threshold… more

  18. Environmental quality of surface water and natural areas, 1990-2010

    Indicator | 25 June 2014

    The environmental quality of surface water and natural water areas has improved, but is often not enough to ensure their sustainable conservation. Dutch policy aims to create… more

  19. Energy savings in the Netherlands, 2000- 2010

    Indicator | 20 May 2014

    The energy saving rate in the Netherlands averaged 1.1 percent a year between 2000 and 2010. Although national energy savings declined following the start of the financial crisis… more

  20. Noise levels in homes due to road and rail traffic, 2000-2010

    Indicator | 20 May 2014

    More than 7,000 homes in the Netherlands experience noise from traffic on highways that exceeds the permissible level. Another 6,000 homes experience excessive noise levels from… more

  21. Urban green spaces, 2000-2006

    Indicator | 1 July 2014

    It is very important that there are public green spaces close to homes for daily use (play, rest and sport). Particularly little public green space per house is found in the… more

  22. Density of housing, work and retail trade in urban areas, 2000-2008

    Indicator | 20 May 2014

    The Dutch Spatial Policy Document focuses on the development of urban centres in urban networks and in new key projects (NSPs). The density of functions in urban centres and around… more

  23. Housing, work and retail mix in urban areas, 2000-2008

    Indicator | 20 May 2014

    The Dutch Spatial Policy Document focuses on urban centre development in urban networks and in new key projects (NSPs). Diversity in urban functions also plays a role in this.… more

  24. Employment and the live/work ratio by municipality, 2013

    Indicator | 5 February 2016

    In 2013, almost 17% of all the jobs in the Netherlands were located in the four major cities. Relatively more people worked than lived in urban areas.… more

  25. Competitiveness of Dutch regions and sectors, 2010

    Indicator | 20 May 2014

    The main competitors of Dutch industry are primarily located in large, high-density regions with good national accessibility and international connectivity. … more

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The Environmental Data Compendium is a partnership of CBS, PBL, RIVM and WUR.