Environmental Data Compendium
63 factsheets about the environment

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  1. Landscape openness

    Indicator | 20 May 2014

    Despite the trend towards uniformity in the Dutch landscape, extremes in terms of the degree of landscape openness can still be found. The most open areas are the large water… more

  2. Visibility and influence of landscape appreciation by wind turbines, 2012

    Indicator | 5 April 2019

    Land-based wind turbines in the Netherlands are visible from about one-fifth of the country's surface area, and affect the public's appreciation of the landscape. The size of the… more

  3. Conservation status and trends in species and habitat types under the Birds and Habitats Directives, 2007-2012

    Indicator | 19 October 2016

    Almost all the habitat types in the Netherlands have an unfavourable-bad to unfavourable-inadequate conservation status. About a quarter of the Habitats Directive species have a… more

  4. Angling in the Netherlands, 1990-2015

    Indicator | 24 January 2017

    Over half a million anglers are active members of an angling club in the Netherlands, through a system of fishing passes introduced in 2007.… more

  5. Net environmental costs by sector, 1985-2013

    Indicator | 11 April 2017

    Total net environmental costs rose annually by an average 6.3 percent between 1985 and 2013. Costs decreased in 2005 and 2009, as a result of reduced costs for companies and… more

  6. Realisation of new Dutch National Ecological Network- agri-environment schemes

    Indicator | 7 July 2017

    The indicator 'Realisation of new Dutch National Ecological Network - agri-environment schemes' has expired.Information can be found in indicatormore

  7. Membership of Dutch private nature conservation organisations, 1989-2016

    Indicator | 11 October 2017

    In 2016 the combined membership of the four biggest nature conservation organisations declined slightly. For years the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) has had the largest… more

  8. Land footprint, 1990-2013

    Indicator | 15 February 2018

    The amount of land required for Dutch consumption totaled about two and a half times the surface area of the Netherlands in 2013. About 0.5 hectares was used per person. Almost 80%… more

  9. Costs and financing of nature and landscape conservation, 1999-2016

    Indicator | 16 October 2018

    In 2016, gross costs of nature and landscape conservation amounted to 969 million euros. This results in a diminution of 14 per cent compared to the peak year 2009. Government… more

  10. Realisation of the national ecological network- land acquisition and conversion, 1990-2017

    Indicator | 5 December 2018

    On 1 January 2017 more than 108,000 hectares of land had been acquired (including change of designated land use) for realising the national ecological network (NEN). Between 2011… more

  11. Green tax revenues, 2001-2017

    Indicator | 24 January 2019

    In 2017 revenues from green taxes were 21.6 billion euros, 3.9 percent more than in 2016. Since 2001 revenues increased by 51 percent. In 2017 the total amount on revenues of the… more

  12. Manure surpluses in agriculture, 1970-2017

    Indicator | 4 March 2019

    Since 2006, when a new fertiliser policy was introduced in the Netherlands, the nitrogen surplus in agriculture decreased by 17,4 percent. In 2017, the nitrogen surplus was… more

  13. Use of renewable energy for transport, 2005-2017

    Indicator | 11 April 2019

    Since 2007, the use of renewable energy for transport has increased, because petrol and diesel suppliers are obliged by law to supply renewable energy. In 2015 and 2016, the share… more

  14. Environmental quality of surface water and natural areas, 1990-2010

    Indicator | 25 June 2014

    The environmental quality of surface water and natural water areas has improved, but is often not enough to ensure their sustainable conservation. Dutch policy aims to create… more

  15. Energy savings in the Netherlands, 2000- 2010

    Indicator | 20 May 2014

    The energy saving rate in the Netherlands averaged 1.1 percent a year between 2000 and 2010. Although national energy savings declined following the start of the financial crisis… more

  16. Employment and the live/work ratio by municipality, 2013

    Indicator | 5 February 2016

    In 2013, almost 17% of all the jobs in the Netherlands were located in the four major cities. Relatively more people worked than lived in urban areas.… more

  17. Effects of climate change on cold and heat-loving species, 1990-2013

    Indicator | 10 March 2015

    The number of cold-loving species has been reduced in recent years, but the number of heat-loving species has grown. Numbers of temperature-neutral species have remained more or… more

  18. Land use in the Netherlands, 2012

    Indicator | 25 February 2016

    The Netherlands is a green country, with more than four fifths of its surface area used for recreation, agriculture, woodland and nature. However, spatial use varies greatly from… more

  19. Dutch biodiversity footprint, 1990- 2010

    Indicator | 5 August 2016

    The total Dutch biodiversity footprint increased by 11 percent between 1990 and 2000 and has decreased since then. Compared to 1990 the footprint in 2010 increased by 5 percent.… more

  20. Sea level: Dutch coast and worldwide, 1890-2014

    Indicator | 16 November 2016

    The sea level along the Dutch coast steadily rose by about 23 cm during the last 125 years, a change of 1.9 mm per year. This is roughly in line with the sea-level rise worldwide;… more

  21. Temperature trends: the Netherlands and worldwide, 1906-2015

    Indicator | 16 November 2016

    The annual mean temperature in the Netherlands has increased by 1.7 oC since 1906. The spring and summer seasons have warmed up the most The average global temperature has… more

  22. Waste generation and treatment, 1985-2014

    Indicator | 5 April 2017

    More and more waste is being recovered or incinerated, while less and less is being sent to landfill sites. Almost 60 million tons of waste was generated in 2014 (excluding… more

  23. Waste generation and treatment by sector, 1990-2014

    Indicator | 5 April 2017

    The amount of waste generated was about 60 million tons (excluding contaminated soil, dredged materials and animal manure) in 2014. Nearly 93% of the waste generated was recovered;… more

  24. Greenhouse gas emissions, 1990-2016

    Indicator | 6 September 2017

    In 2016 greenhouse gas emissions (provisional data) were 0.7 per cent higher than in 2015. The level of the emissions was 12 per cent under the Kyoto protocol base year.… more

  25. Habitat defragmentation measures for infrastructure, 2017

    Indicator | 5 December 2018

    At the end of 2017 114 of the 178 ecological barriers caused by national transport infrastructure had been removed and 46 partly removed by taking mitigation measures, such as the… more

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The Environmental Data Compendium is a partnership of CBS, PBL, RIVM and WUR.