Environmental Data Compendium
64 factsheets about the environment

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  1. Quality of macroinvertebrate in fresh surface water, 1991-2010

    Indicator | 17 November 2014

    The quality of macro invertebrates is low for all types of surface water. A good quality was only found at a few sites. Although there was a slight improvement between 1990 and… more

  2. Quality surface water, 2015

    Indicator | 12 January 2016

    Most water bodies do not meet the quality requirements as laid down in the European Water Framework Directive (WFD). The chemical quality is in most water bodies insufficient. The… more

  3. Ozone layer, 1980-2012

    Indicator | 27 June 2014

    The thickness of the ozone layer has decreased by 5% worldwide during the last 25 years, with most depletion taking place between 1980 and 1990. Since the early 1990s, it has… more

  4. Landscape openness

    Indicator | 20 May 2014

    Despite the trend towards uniformity in the Dutch landscape, extremes in terms of the degree of landscape openness can still be found. The most open areas are the large water… more

  5. Exotic species in fresh water, 1900-2010

    Indicator | 7 June 2014

    There has been a considerable increase in the number of new species found in Dutch surface waters. While most new species enter the Netherlands as a result of the trade in pond and… more

  6. Visibility and influence of landscape appreciation by wind turbines, 2012

    Indicator | 5 April 2019

    Land-based wind turbines in the Netherlands are visible from about one-fifth of the country's surface area, and affect the public's appreciation of the landscape. The size of the… more

  7. Conservation status and trends in species and habitat types under the Birds and Habitats Directives, 2007-2012

    Indicator | 19 October 2016

    Almost all the habitat types in the Netherlands have an unfavourable-bad to unfavourable-inadequate conservation status. About a quarter of the Habitats Directive species have a… more

  8. Ecosystem quality, 2012

    Indicator | 19 October 2016

    An indicator of ecosystem quality is the number of qualifying species present in protected natural areas. A comparison between the periods 2006-2012 and 2000-2005 shows that the… more

  9. Angling in the Netherlands, 1990-2015

    Indicator | 24 January 2017

    Over half a million anglers are active members of an angling club in the Netherlands, through a system of fishing passes introduced in 2007.… more

  10. Nitrate in upper groundwater under agricultural land, 1992-2015

    Indicator | 29 March 2017

    Average nitrate concentration in groundwater in the Sand Region has diminished to levels close to the Nitrates Directive. The four-year average of nitrate concentrations in… more

  11. Net environmental costs by sector, 1985-2013

    Indicator | 11 April 2017

    Total net environmental costs rose annually by an average 6.3 percent between 1985 and 2013. Costs decreased in 2005 and 2009, as a result of reduced costs for companies and… more

  12. Realisation of new Dutch National Ecological Network- agri-environment schemes

    Indicator | 7 July 2017

    The indicator 'Realisation of new Dutch National Ecological Network - agri-environment schemes' has expired.Information can be found in indicatormore

  13. Membership of Dutch private nature conservation organisations, 1989-2016

    Indicator | 11 October 2017

    In 2016 the combined membership of the four biggest nature conservation organisations declined slightly. For years the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) has had the largest… more

  14. Land footprint, 1990-2013

    Indicator | 15 February 2018

    The amount of land required for Dutch consumption totaled about two and a half times the surface area of the Netherlands in 2013. About 0.5 hectares was used per person. Almost 80%… more

  15. Measures for migratory fish, 2018

    Indicator | 19 April 2018

    The construction of dams and pumping stations means that fish migrating from the sea or the major rivers are only able to reach a part of the streams and polder water areas. Fish… more

  16. Renewable energy use, 1990-2017

    Indicator | 15 January 2019

    The share of renewable energy in total energy consumption increased from 6.0 percent in 2016 to 6.6 percent in 2017. According to the EU Renewable Energy Directive, the Dutch share… more

  17. Wind energy capacity, 1990-2017

    Indicator | 24 July 2018

    In 2017 Dutch wind energy capacity (4,2 megawatts) was about the same as in 2016. … more

  18. Costs and financing of nature and landscape conservation, 1999-2016

    Indicator | 16 October 2018

    In 2016, gross costs of nature and landscape conservation amounted to 969 million euros. This results in a diminution of 14 per cent compared to the peak year 2009. Government… more

  19. Spatial connectivity of the national ecological network, 2015

    Indicator | 5 December 2018

    The increase in the total area of wildlife habitat since 1990 has also improved the spatial connectivity of ecosystems in the Netherlands. However, a considerable part of the… more

  20. Realisation of the national ecological network- land acquisition and conversion, 1990-2017

    Indicator | 5 December 2018

    On 1 January 2017 more than 108,000 hectares of land had been acquired (including change of designated land use) for realising the national ecological network (NEN). Between 2011… more

  21. Green tax revenues, 2001-2017

    Indicator | 24 January 2019

    In 2017 revenues from green taxes were 21.6 billion euros, 3.9 percent more than in 2016. Since 2001 revenues increased by 51 percent. In 2017 the total amount on revenues of the… more

  22. Manure surpluses in agriculture, 1970-2017

    Indicator | 4 March 2019

    Since 2006, when a new fertiliser policy was introduced in the Netherlands, the nitrogen surplus in agriculture decreased by 17,4 percent. In 2017, the nitrogen surplus was… more

  23. Use of renewable energy for transport, 2005-2017

    Indicator | 11 April 2019

    Since 2007, the use of renewable energy for transport has increased, because petrol and diesel suppliers are obliged by law to supply renewable energy. In 2015 and 2016, the share… more

  24. Eutrophying deposition, 1990-2017

    Indicator | 12 June 2019

    Eutrophying deposition totalled over 1,600 mol nitrogen per ha in 2017 averaged over the Netherlands. Deposition has therefore decreased by about 40% since 1990.… more

  25. Change in species numbers in natural and agricultural areas, 1975-2005

    Indicator | 20 May 2014

    A decrease in the numbers of target species as defined in Dutch nature policy was seen in agricultural areas, whereas they increased in natural areas.… more

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The Environmental Data Compendium is a partnership of CBS, PBL, RIVM and WUR.