Compendium voor de Leefomgeving
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Environment

Waste generation and treatment by sector, 1990-2016

The amount of waste generated was almost 60 million tons (excluding contaminated soil, dredged materials and animal manure) in 2016. Nearly 94% of the waste generated was recovered; less and less waste is being sent to landfill.

Target group Method1) 1990 2000 2010 2015 2016
             
    million kg2        
             
TOTAL Total 50 920 63 242 59 860 61 344 59 536
  recovery 31 355 50 925 52 941 57 480 55 939
  incineration 3 885 7 083 5 125 2 153 2 172
  landfill 13 875 4 832 1 381 1 086 1 300
  discharge/other3, 4) 1 805 402 412 624 647
             
Households total 6 195 8 650 8 823 8 562 8 296
  recovery 985 3 875 6 954 8 146 8 164
  incineration 1 925 3 485 1 753 18 18
  landfill 3 285 1 290 72 31 43
  discharge 0 0 43 70 71
             
Traffic and transport total 1 285 853 1 094 945 908
  recovery 1 060 788 711 604 595
  incineration 70 22 260 263 209
  landfill 155 43 25 6 4
  discharge 0 0 98 70 100
             
Agriculture, forestry total 2 340 2 497 2 561 2 500 2 351
and fisheries recovery 1 960 2 445 2 549 2 490 2 328
  incineration 75 43 3 0 0
  landfill 305 9 6 7 15
  discharge 0 0 3 3 9
             
Industry total 19 990 19 312 15 204 14 648 14 898
(incl. refineries)5) recovery 13 880 16 464 13 468 13 630 13 680
  incineration 645 1 400 1 103 545 684
  landfill 3 660 1 046 508 311 379
  discharge 1 805 402 125 160 156
             
Trade, services and total 3 990 4 894 5 324 5 685 5 881
government recovery 740 2 726 4 172 5 245 5 454
  incineration 900 852 859 48 47
  landfill 2 350 1 316 182 180 171
  discharge 0 0 110 212 208
             
Construction total 12 690 23 800 23 752 24994 23 721
  recovery 9 315 22 720 23 284 24585 23 153
  incineration 165 210 14 26 27
  landfill 3 200 870 437 366 521
  discharge 0 0 17 17 19
             
Energy supply total 1 390 1 674 1 377 2 322 2 122
  recovery 1 280 1 566 1 223 2 176 2 008
  incineration 25 5 22 20 10
  landfill 85 103 126 109 96
  discharge/other 0 0 5 15 8
             
Waste water treatment total 2 920 1 426 1 494 1 333 1 320
plants6) recovery 2 075 206 315 151 176
  incineration 80 1 066 1 162 1 167 1 134
  landfill 770 155 17 15 10
  discharge/other 0 0 1 0 0
             
Drinking water total 125 135 175 367 263
supply6) recovery 60 135 167 362 257
  incineration 0 0 2 0 0
  landfill 65 0 7 6 6
  discharge/other 0 0 0 0 0
             
Waste disposal total . . 56 286 298
  recovery . . 42 89 123
  incineration . . 4 65 42
  landfill . . 1 55 57
  discharge/other . . 10 77 75
             
Source: rijkswaterstaat, CBS       CBS/CLO/mei20/0206
1) Treatment methods were redefined with the coming into force of the National Waste Management Plan (Landelijk afvalbeheerplan, LAP) and the Environmental Management Act (Wet milieubeheer). 'Recovery' therefore now includes preparation for re-use, recycling, use as fuel and other applications. 2) Excluding contaminated soil, dredged materials and animal manure. 3) The disposal of phosphogypsum was reported as discharge and the discharge of liquid waste streams (after treatment) was reported as recovery up to and including the year 2000. As of 2001, the discharge of liquid waste streams (after treatment) is reported separately as discharge. No phosphogypsum has been discharged since 2001. 4) As of 2003, discharge also includes 'liquid loss' during the drying of liquid waste streams prior to disposal. 5) As of 2004, the use of industrial waste as a fuel for energy generation falls under recovery and no longer under incineration. 6) Waste water treatment plants and the drinking water supply together make up the target group 'Actors in the water chain'.

Changes in amount of waste generated

The way in which waste generation and treatment is monitored has changed. Where possible, these changes were implemented from 2006, but some only took effect in 2007 or 2008. The total amount of waste generated is approximately 60 billion kg. About 40% of the waste is generated by the construction sector

Less waste being sent to landfill and more recovered

There has been a considerable decrease in the amount of waste sent to landfill since 1990 (from almost 14 billion kg, to 1.3 billion kg in 2016). By contrast, there has been an increase of almost 25 billion kg in the amount of waste recovered. Almost 56 billion kg was recovered in 2016, nearly 94% of the total amount of waste generated in the Netherlands (excluding contaminated soil, dredged materials and animal manure).

Referenties

  • Waste data was provided by Rijkswaterstaat Environment - Waste and was obtained from various sources, including NL Agency, Uitvoering Afvalbeheer and CBS.
  • Rijkswaterstaat Environment (2015). Nederlands afval in cijfers, gegevens 2006-2010, Rijkswaterstaat Environment - Waste, Utrecht.

Archief van deze indicator

Referentie van deze webpagina

CBS, PBL, RIVM, WUR (2020). Waste generation and treatment by sector, 1990-2016 (indicator 0206, versie 14 , 27 May 2020 ). www.clo.nl. Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek (CBS), Den Haag; PBL Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving, Den Haag; RIVM Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu, Bilthoven; en Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen.

Het CLO is een samenwerkingsverband van CBS, PBL, RIVM en WUR.