Compendium voor de Leefomgeving
462 feiten en cijfers over milieu, natuur en ruimte


The quality of the environment in the Netherlands has improved considerably since 1990. Emissions of harmful substances into the atmosphere, for example, have been reduced significantly as a result of measures taken to comply with European standards. Almost everywhere, the air quality meets the European requirements as cars become cleaner and emissions produced by manufacturing industry are reduced. Contaminated soil sites have been mapped, facilitating a systematic approach. Waste produced by industries and households is increasingly recycled. Although the water quality has improved marginally, a major effort will be required to comply with the European standards for 2027 as laid down in the Water Framework Directive.

The editors have selected the most important indicators. Together, they provide a picture of the state of the environment.


Recent vernieuwd

Red List Indicator, 1995 - 2019

Indicator | 1 mei 2020

Between 1950 and 1995, many species native to the Netherlands became endangered to some degree. Since 2005 the number of endangered species increased slightly. However, a noticeable... meer

Trend fauna - all species monitored - Living Planet Index Netherlands, 1990-2018

Indicator | 30 maart 2020

The Living Planet Index of the Netherlands has increased with 3% since 1990. The trend has stabilised over the past decade.

Farmland birds, 1915-2018

Indicator | 17 maart 2020

Changes in agricultural practices have caused a significant decline in breeding birds typical of agricultural areas in the Netherlands, starting from the early 20th century... meer

Land use in the Netherlands, 2015

Indicator | 8 januari 2020

The Netherlands is a green country, with more than four fifths of its surface area used for recreation, agriculture, woodland and nature. However, land use varies greatly from... meer

Nitrogen deposition, 1990-2018

Indicator | 25 november 2019

Nitrogen deposition, averaged over the Netherlands, totalled 1,730 mol nitrogen per ha (mol N/ha) in 2018. Deposition has therefore decreased by 36% since 1990. Since 2005 the... meer

Het CLO is een samenwerkingsverband van CBS, PBL, RIVM en WUR.