Environmental Data Compendium
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Environment

Waste generation and treatment by sector, 1990-2014

The amount of waste generated was about 60 million tons (excluding contaminated soil, dredged materials and animal manure) in 2014. Nearly 93% of the waste generated was recovered; less and less waste is being sent to landfill.

Target group Method1) 1990 1995 2000 2010 2014
             
    million kg2)      
             
TOTAL Total 50 920 63 242 60 408 60 906 59 536
  recovery 31 355 50 925 50 350 53 842 55 403
  incineration 3 885 7 083 7 178 5 240 2 020
  landfill 13 875 4 832 2 232 1 310 1 301
  discharge/other3, 4) 1 805 402 648 419 812
             
Households total 6 195 8 650 9 115 8 823 8 266
  recovery 985 3 875 4 777 6 954 8 136
  incineration 1 925 3 485 3 945 1 753 16
  landfill 3 285 1 290 342 72 27
  discharge 0 0 51 43 87
             
Traffic and transport total 1 285 853 694 1 076 967
  recovery 1 060 788 361 694 480
  incineration 70 22 17 260 164
  landfill 155 43 42 25 13
  discharge 0 0 274 98 310
             
Agriculture, forestry total 2 340 2 497 2 329 2 561 2 497
and fisheries recovery 1 960 2 445 2 307 2 549 2 490
  incineration 75 43 12 3 1
  landfill 305 9 9 6 3
  discharge 0 0 1 3 3
             
Industry total 19 990 19 312 16 581 15 290 14 505
(incl. refineries)5) recovery 13 880 16 464 15 087 13 551 13 437
  incineration 645 1 400 877 1 103 571
  landfill 3 660 1 046 463 510 343
  discharge 1 805 402 154 127 153
             
Trade, services and total 3 990 4 894 5 112 5 376 5 736
government recovery 740 2 726 2 761 4 217 5 294
  incineration 900 852 1.432 866 46
  landfill 2 350 1 316 781 182 198
  discharge 0 0 138 110 199
             
Construction total 12 680 23 800 23 500 24 528 23 826
  recovery 9 315 22 720 22 960 23 986 23 224
  incineration 165 210 50 64 37
  landfill 3 200 870 485 455 545
  discharge 0 0 5 22 20
             
Energy supply total 1 390 1 674 1 397 1 497 1 949
  recovery 1 280 1 566 1 343 1 343 1 778
  incineration 25 5 9 22 10
  landfill 85 103 20 127 143
  discharge/other 0 0 25 5 19
             
Waste water treatment total 2 925 1 427 1 495 1 494 1 329
plants6) recovery 2 075 206 599 315 169
  incineration 80 1 066 836 1 162 1 152
  landfill 770 155 60 17 8
  discharge/other 0 0 0 1 0
             
Drinking water total 125 135 185 176 328
supply6) recovery 60 135 155 167 323
  incineration 0 0 0 2 0
  landfill 65 0 30 7 4
  discharge/other 0 0 0 0 0
             
Waste disposal total . . . 84 133
  recovery . . . 65 74
  incineration . . . 5 22
  landfill . . . 3 17
  discharge/other . . . 10 21
             
Source: Rijkswaterstaat Environment, CBS. CBS//apr17/0206
1) Treatment methods were redefined with the coming into force of the National Waste Management Plan (Landelijk afvalbeheerplan, LAP) and the Environmental Management Act (Wet milieubeheer). 'Recovery' therefore now includes preparation for re-use, recycling, use as fuel and other applications.
2) Excluding contaminated soil, dredged materials and animal manure.
3) The disposal of phosphogypsum was reported as discharge and the discharge of liquid waste streams (after treatment) was reported as recovery up to and including the year 2000. As of 2001, the discharge of liquid waste streams (after treatment) is reported separately as discharge. No phosphogypsum has been discharged since 2001.
4) As of 2003, discharge also includes 'liquid loss' during the drying of liquid waste streams prior to disposal.
5) As of 2004, the use of industrial waste as a fuel for energy generation falls under recovery and no longer under incineration.
6) Waste water treatment plants and the drinking water supply together make up the target group 'Actors in the water chain'.

Changes in amount of waste generated

The way in which much waste generation and treatment is monitored has changed. Where possible, these changes were implemented from 2006, but some only took effect in 2007 or 2008. The amount of waste stabilized on about 60 million tons in 2014.

Less waste being sent to landfill and more recovered

There has been a considerable decrease in the amount of waste sent to landfill since 1990 (from almost 14 million tons, to 1.3 million tons in 2014). By contrast, there has been an increase of almost 25 billion kg in the amount of waste recovered. Almost 55 million tons was recovered in 2014, in other words almost 93% of the total amount of waste generated in the Netherlands (excluding contaminated soil, dredged materials and animal manure).

References

  • Waste data was provided by Rijkswaterstaat Environment - Waste and was obtained from various sources, including NL Agency, Uitvoering Afvalbeheer and CBS.
  • Rijkswaterstaat Environment (2015). Nederlands afval in cijfers, gegevens 2006-2015, Rijkswaterstaat Environment - Waste, Utrecht. (not published yet)

Archive for this indicator

Reference for this page

CBS, PBL, Wageningen UR (2017). Waste generation and treatment by sector, 1990-2014 (indicator 0206, version 13 , 5 April 2017 ). www.compendiumvoordeleefomgeving.nl. CBS, Den Haag; Environmental Assessment Agency, Den Haag/Bilthoven and Wageningen UR, Wageningen.

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