Environmental Data Compendium
70 factsheets about the environment


The quality of the environment in the Netherlands has improved considerably since 1990. Emissions of harmful substances into the atmosphere, for example, have been reduced significantly as a result of measures taken to comply with European standards. Almost everywhere, the air quality meets the European requirements as cars become cleaner and emissions produced by manufacturing industry are reduced. Contaminated soil sites have been mapped, facilitating a systematic approach. Waste produced by industries and households is increasingly recycled. Although the water quality has improved marginally, a major effort will be required to comply with the European standards for 2027 as laid down in the Water Framework Directive.

The editors have selected the most important indicators. Together, they provide a picture of the state of the environment.


Recently updated

Trend fauna - all species monitored - Living Planet Index Netherlands, 1990-2016

Indicator | 30 January 2018

The Living Planet Index of the Netherlands reflects the average trend of native species of mammals, breeding birds, reptiles, amphibians, butterflies, dragonflies and freshwater fish... more

Net labour participation, 2016

Indicator | 9 January 2018

Net labour participation in the Netherlands rose slightly in 2016 compared to the previous year. Regional differences in labour participation are limited in general. Only... more

Number of threatened species in The Netherlands, by 2017

Indicator | 5 December 2017

Officially assembled Red Lists show that many Dutch plant and animal species are threatened with extinction.

Farmland birds, 1990-2016

Indicator | 1 December 2017

Changes in agricultural practices have caused the number of breeding birds to dwindle in agricultural areas in the Netherlands. This pattern is found across the entire EU.

Quality and trends of groundwater-dependent ecosystems, 2016

Indicator | 23 November 2017

Sites with moderate or bad groundwater levels are found throughout the country and in all ecosystem types. Marshes, wet heaths and wet grasslands in particular suffer from water table... more

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The Environmental Data Compendium is a partnership of CBS, PBL, RIVM and WUR.