Environmental Data Compendium
70 factsheets about the environment


The quality of the environment in the Netherlands has improved considerably since 1990. Emissions of harmful substances into the atmosphere, for example, have been reduced significantly as a result of measures taken to comply with European standards. Almost everywhere, the air quality meets the European requirements as cars become cleaner and emissions produced by manufacturing industry are reduced. Contaminated soil sites have been mapped, facilitating a systematic approach. Waste produced by industries and households is increasingly recycled. Although the water quality has improved marginally, a major effort will be required to comply with the European standards for 2027 as laid down in the Water Framework Directive.

The editors have selected the most important indicators. Together, they provide a picture of the state of the environment.


Recent vernieuwd

Greenhouse gas emissions, 1990-2015

Indicator | 25 April 2017

In 2015 greenhouse gas emissions were 4.1 per cent higher than in 2014. The level of the emissions was 12 per cent under the Kyoto protocol base year.

Farmland birds, 1960-2015

Indicator | 27 March 2017

Changes in agricultural practices have caused the number of breeding birds to dwindle in agricultural areas in the Netherlands. This pattern is found across the entire EU.

Angling in the Netherlands, 1990-2015

Indicator | 24 January 2017

Over half a million anglers are active members of an angling club in the Netherlands, through a system of fishing passes introduced in 2007.

Number of threatened species in The Netherlands, by 2015

Indicator | 23 November 2016

Officially assembled Red Lists show that many Dutch plant and animal species are threatened with extinction.

Sea level: Dutch coast and worldwide, 1890-2014

Indicator | 16 November 2016

The sea level along the Dutch coast steadily rose by about 23 cm during the last 125 years, a change of 1.9 mm per year. This is roughly in line with the sea-level rise worldwide;... more

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The Environmental Data Compendium is a partnership of PBL, CBS and Wageningen UR.