Environmental Data Compendium
72 factsheets about the environment


The quality of the environment in the Netherlands has improved considerably since 1990. Emissions of harmful substances into the atmosphere, for example, have been reduced significantly as a result of measures taken to comply with European standards. Almost everywhere, the air quality meets the European requirements as cars become cleaner and emissions produced by manufacturing industry are reduced. Contaminated soil sites have been mapped, facilitating a systematic approach. Waste produced by industries and households is increasingly recycled. Although the water quality has improved marginally, a major effort will be required to comply with the European standards for 2027 as laid down in the Water Framework Directive.

The editors have selected the most important indicators. Together, they provide a picture of the state of the environment.


Recently updated

Quality and trends of groundwater-dependent ecosystems, 2016

Indicator | 23 November 2017

Sites with moderate or bad groundwater levels are found throughout the country and in all ecosystem types. Marshes, wet heaths and wet grasslands in particular suffer from water table... more

Ecosystem quality and trends in nitrogen availability, 2016

Indicator | 23 November 2017

In many ecosystems the environmental pressure from nitrogen deposition is still too high. In forest, open dune and heath ecosystems in particular, conditions almost everywhere are... more

Membership of Dutch private nature conservation organisations, 1989-2016

Indicator | 11 October 2017

In 2016 the combined membership of the four biggest nature conservation organisations declined slightly. For years the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) has had the largest membership... more

Greenhouse gas emissions, 1990-2016

Indicator | 6 September 2017

In 2016 greenhouse gas emissions (provisional data) were 0.7 per cent higher than in 2015. The level of the emissions was 12 per cent under the Kyoto protocol base year.

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The Environmental Data Compendium is a partnership of PBL, CBS and WUR.