Sustainable development

Green tax revenues, 2001-2015

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In 2015 revenues from green taxes were 19.9 billion euros, 3.3 percent more than in 2014. The revenues increased since 2001 by 39 percent. In 2015 the total amount on revenues of the Dutch government were 156.2 billion euros; of which about 13 percent on green taxes.

General developments

Green taxes are mainly linked to the possession and use of motor vehicles. In 2015 the Dutch government received 7.9 billion euros on excise duty on petrol and other mineral oils, 1.5 billion euros on private motor vehicle and motorcycle tax (BMP) and 5.5 billion euros on road tax.
Since ten years the green tax revenues are about 18-20 billion euros. The share of green taxes in the total revenues of the Dutch government decreased slightly to less than 13 percent.

Environmental levies

Of the total of green taxes 5.0 billion euros is coming from environmental levies (about 25 %). Revenues from green taxes especially concern excise duty on petrol and other mineral oils (4.5 billion euros). Other revenues are taxes on fuel, waste, drinking and ground water, flight tax and packaging tax.

Excise duty on petrol and other mineral oils

In 2015, 40% of the revenues from green taxes came from excise duty on petrol and other mineral oils. This was therefore the largest green tax income item. Revenues from excise duty on petrol and other mineral oils were a little higher in 2015 than in 2014. Due to the stop of the low taxed read diesel for agricultural vehicles and machines excise duty increased.

Road tax

In 2011, about a quarter of the revenues from green taxes were from the road tax. Every owner of a car, delivery van, motorcycle or lorry was required to pay road tax every quarter, or once a year. The rate depended, among other things, on the type of engine. As part of a mobility tax plan (Ministerie van Financiën, 2011), the government changed regulations concerning the road tax and the BPM. Fuel-efficient cars, such as hybrid cars, were made exempt from road tax several years ago. This exemption was limited in 2014, and disappeared in 2015.

Private motor vehicle and motorcycle tax (BPM)

In 2015, about 7 percent of the revenues from green taxes came from the BPM. The first time that a car is registered, BPM must be paid. The amount of the BPM is dependable on the emission of carbon dioxide. Electric passenger cars are exempted from BPM. Revenues from the BPM have declined since 2007. In 2015 the revenues increased considerably and was back to the level of 2012.

Correction for inflation

The figures given in the graph are corrected for inflation (2012 price level). This enables a better comparison to be made between revenues and provides a more realistic picture of developments. In the 'data behind the graph' in the Dutch version of the website (click on 'download graph data' to the bottom right of the graph), the revenues of environmental taxes are also given in actual prices (the prices paid in the year concerned).


Archive for this indicator

Reference for this page

CBS, PBL, RIVM, WUR (2016). Green tax revenues, 2001-2015 (indicator 0360, version 14 , 12 September 2016 ). Statistics Netherlands (CBS), The Hague; PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Hague; RIVM National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven; and Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen.

The Environmental Data Compendium is a partnership of CBS, PBL, RIVM and WUR.