Environmental Data Compendium
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Environment

Waste generation and treatment by sector, 1990-2010

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The amount of waste generated decreased to less than 60 million tons (excluding contaminated soil, dredged materials and animal manure) in 2010. Over 88?% of the waste generated was recovered; less and less waste is being sent to landfill.

Target group Method1) 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
             
    million kg2)      
             
TOTAL Total 50 920 52 765 63 242 60 400 59 860
  recovery 31 355 38 435 50 925 50 350 52 941
  incineration 3 885 4 695 7 083 7 178 5 125
  landfill 13 875 8 215 4 832 2 232 1 381
  discharge/other3, 4) 1 805 1 420 402 648 412
             
Households total 6 195 7 320 8 650 9 114 8 823
  recovery 985 2 925 3 875 4 777 6 954
  incineration 1 925 1 865 3 485 3 945 1 753
  landfill 3 285 2 530 1 290 342 72
  discharge 0 0 0 51 43
             
Traffic and transport total 1 285 1 090 853 692 1 094
  recovery 1 060 990 788 361 711
  incineration 70 60 22 17 260
  landfill 155 40 43 42 25
  discharge 0 0 0 274 98
             
Agriculture, forestry total 2 340 2 405 2 497 2 330 2 561
and fisheries recovery 1 960 2 025 2 445 2 307 2 549
  incineration 75 75 43 12 3
  landfill 305 305 9 9 6
  discharge 0 0 0 1 3
             
Industry total 19 990 20 130 19 312 16 579 15 204
(incl. refineries)5) recovery 13 880 16 240 16 464 15 087 13 468
  incineration 645 890 1 400 877 1 103
  landfill 3 660 1 580 1 046 463 508
  discharge 1 805 1 420 402 154 125
             
Trade, services and total 3 990 4 105 4 894 5 109 5 324
government recovery 740 1 580 2 726 2 761 4 172
  incineration 900 750 852 1 432 859
  landfill 2 350 1 775 1 316 781 182
  discharge 0 0 0 138 110
             
Construction total 12 690 14 100 23 800 23 500 23 752
  recovery 9 315 12 910 22 720 22 960 23 284
  incineration 165 160 210 50 14
  landfill 3 200 1 030 870 485 437
  discharge 0 0 0 5 17
             
Energy supply total 1 390 1 380 1 674 1 397 1 377
  recovery 1 280 1 355 1 566 1 343 1 223
  incineration 25 0 5 9 22
  landfill 85 25 103 20 126
  discharge/other 0 0 0 25 5
             
Waste water treatment total 2 920 2 135 1 426 1 494 1 494
plants6) recovery 2 075 360 206 599 315
  incineration 80 895 1 066 836 1 162
  landfill 770 880 155 60 17
  discharge/other 0 0 0 0 1
             
Drinking water total 125 100 135 185 175
supply6) recovery 60 50 135 155 167
  incineration 0 0 0 0 2
  landfill 65 50 0 30 7
  discharge/other 0 0 0 0 0
             
Waste disposal total . . . . 56
  recovery . . . . 42
  incineration . . . . 4
  landfill . . . . 1
  discharge/other . . . . 10
             
Source: NL Agency, CBS. CBS/CLO/sep12/0206
1) Treatment methods were redefined with the coming into force of the National Waste Management Plan (Landelijk afvalbeheerplan, LAP) and the Environmental Management Act (Wet milieubeheer). 'Recovery' therefore now includes preparation for re-use, recycling, use as fuel and other applications.
2) Excluding contaminated soil, dredged materials and animal manure.
3) The disposal of phosphogypsum was reported as discharge and the discharge of liquid waste streams (after treatment) was reported as recovery up to and including the year 2000. As of 2001, the discharge of liquid waste streams (after treatment) is reported separately as discharge. No phosphogypsum has been discharged since 2001.
4) As of 2003, discharge also includes 'liquid loss' during the drying of liquid waste streams prior to disposal.
5) As of 2004, the use of industrial waste as a fuel for energy generation falls under recovery and no longer under incineration.
6) Waste water treatment plants and the drinking water supply together make up the target group 'Actors in the water chain'.

Changes in amount of waste generated

The way in which much waste generation and treatment is monitored has changed. Where possible, these changes were implemented from 2006, but some only took effect in 2007 or 2008. The amount of waste decreased over the last two years, to less than 60 million tons in 2010.

Less waste being sent to landfill and more recovered

There has been a considerable decrease in the amount of waste sent to landfill since 1990 (from almost 14 billion kg, to 1.4 billion kg in 2010). By contrast, there has been an increase of over 20 billion kg in the amount of waste recovered. Almost 53 billion kg was recovered in 2010, in other words over 88% of the total amount of waste generated in the Netherlands (excluding contaminated soil, dredged materials and animal manure).

References

  • Waste data was provided by NL Agency, Uitvoering Afvalbeheer and was obtained from various sources, including NL Agency, Uitvoering Afvalbeheer and CBS.
  • Agentschap NL, Uitvoering Afvalbeheer (2010). Nederlands afval in cijfers, gegevens 2006-2010, Agentschap NL, Utrecht.

Archive for this indicator

Reference for this page

CBS, PBL, RIVM, WUR (2014). Waste generation and treatment by sector, 1990-2010 (indicator 0206, version 11 , 20 May 2014 ). www.environmentaldata.nl. Statistics Netherlands (CBS), The Hague; PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Hague; RIVM National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven; and Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen.

The Environmental Data Compendium is a partnership of CBS, PBL, RIVM and WUR.