Environmental Data Compendium
70 factsheets about the environment


The quality of the environment in the Netherlands has improved considerably since 1990. Emissions of harmful substances into the atmosphere, for example, have been reduced significantly as a result of measures taken to comply with European standards. Almost everywhere, the air quality meets the European requirements as cars become cleaner and emissions produced by manufacturing industry are reduced. Contaminated soil sites have been mapped, facilitating a systematic approach. Waste produced by industries and households is increasingly recycled. Although the water quality has improved marginally, a major effort will be required to comply with the European standards for 2027 as laid down in the Water Framework Directive.

The editors have selected the most important indicators. Together, they provide a picture of the state of the environment.


Recently updated

Costs and financing of nature and landscape conservation, 1999-2015

Indicator | 24 May 2018

In 2015, gross costs of nature and landscape conservation amounted to 917 million euros. This results in a diminution of 19 per cent compared to the peak year 2009. Government... more

Red List Indicator, 1995 - 2017

Indicator | 15 May 2018

Between 1950 and 1995, many species native to the Netherlands became endangered to some degree. Since 2005 the number of endangered species declined slightly and a noticeable... more

Number of threatened species in The Netherlands, by 2018

Indicator | 15 May 2018

Officially assembled Red Lists show that many Dutch plant and animal species are threatened with extinction.

Trend in ecological quality, 1994-2014

Indicator | 1 May 2018

Since 1994 the average ecological quality of all types of terrestrial ecosystems has declined. This decline has now been halted and conditions have even improved slightly in recent... more

Habitat defragmentation measures for infrastructure, 2016

Indicator | 1 May 2018

At the end of 2016 about 60% of the ecological barriers caused by national transport infrastructure had been removed by taking mitigation measures, such as the construction of... more

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The Environmental Data Compendium is a partnership of CBS, PBL, RIVM and WUR.