Environmental Data Compendium
68 factsheets about the environment


The quality of the environment in the Netherlands has improved considerably since 1990. Emissions of harmful substances into the atmosphere, for example, have been reduced significantly as a result of measures taken to comply with European standards. Almost everywhere, the air quality meets the European requirements as cars become cleaner and emissions produced by manufacturing industry are reduced. Contaminated soil sites have been mapped, facilitating a systematic approach. Waste produced by industries and households is increasingly recycled. Although the water quality has improved marginally, a major effort will be required to comply with the European standards for 2027 as laid down in the Water Framework Directive.

The editors have selected the most important indicators. Together, they provide a picture of the state of the environment.


Recently updated

Number of threatened species in The Netherlands, by 2019

Indicator | 13 March 2019

Officially assembled Red Lists show that many Dutch plant and animal species are threatened with extinction.

Ecosystem quality and trends in nitrogen availability, 2017

Indicator | 6 December 2018

In many ecosystems the environmental pressure from nitrogen deposition is still too high. In forest, open dune and heath ecosystems in particular, conditions almost everywhere are... more

Trends in ecological quality, 1994-2017

Indicator | 6 December 2018

Since 1994 the average ecological quality of all types of terrestrial ecosystems has declined. This decline has now been halted. In recent years, the average ecological quality of... more

Quality and trends of groundwater-dependent ecosystems, 2017

Indicator | 5 December 2018

Sites with moderate or bad groundwater levels are found throughout the country and in all ecosystem types. Marshes, wet heaths and wet grasslands in particular suffer from water table... more

Realisation of the national ecological network - land acquisition and conversion, 1990-2017

Indicator | 5 December 2018

On 1 January 2017 more than 108,000 hectares of land had been acquired (including change of designated land use) for realising the national ecological network (NEN). Between 2011 and... more

The Environmental Data Compendium is a partnership of CBS, PBL, RIVM and WUR.