The quality of the environment in the Netherlands has improved considerably since 1990. Emissions of harmful substances into the atmosphere, for example, have been reduced significantly as a result of measures taken to comply with European standards. Almost everywhere, the air quality meets the European requirements as cars become cleaner and emissions produced by manufacturing industry are reduced. Contaminated soil sites have been mapped, facilitating a systematic approach. Waste produced by industries and households is increasingly recycled. Although the water quality has improved marginally, a major effort will be required to comply with the European standards for 2027 as laid down in the Water Framework Directive.

The editors have selected the most important indicators. Together, they provide a picture of the state of the environment.



Angling in the Netherlands, 1990-2020

Indicator | 20 September 2022

In 2020 almost 700,000 active anglers were members of an angling club in the Netherlands and holders of the national fishing permit. The Covid-19 restrictions led to a significant increase in the... more

Red List Indicator, 1995 - 2021

Indicator | 22 June 2022

Since 1995 the number of endangered species increased slightly. However, a noticeable reduction in levels of threat was identified.

Farmland bird indicator, 1915-2020

Indicator | 28 March 2022

Changes in agricultural practices have caused a significant decline in breeding birds typical of agricultural areas in the Netherlands, starting from the early 20th century.

Trend fauna - all species monitored - Living Planet Index Netherlands, 1990-2020

Indicator | 28 March 2022

The Living Planet Index of the Netherlands has increased with 5.1% since 1990. The trend has decreased over the past twelve years.

Ecosystem goods and services in the Netherlands, 2020

Indicator | 17 January 2022

Dutch society uses a variety of goods and services provided by ecosystems. Although Dutch ecosystems make a valuable contribution to meeting the need for the sustainable provision of goods and... more

The Environmental Data Compendium is a partnership of CBS, PBL, RIVM and WUR.