Environmental Data Compendium
64 factsheets about the environment


The quality of the environment in the Netherlands has improved considerably since 1990. Emissions of harmful substances into the atmosphere, for example, have been reduced significantly as a result of measures taken to comply with European standards. Almost everywhere, the air quality meets the European requirements as cars become cleaner and emissions produced by manufacturing industry are reduced. Contaminated soil sites have been mapped, facilitating a systematic approach. Waste produced by industries and households is increasingly recycled. Although the water quality has improved marginally, a major effort will be required to comply with the European standards for 2027 as laid down in the Water Framework Directive.

The editors have selected the most important indicators. Together, they provide a picture of the state of the environment.


Recently updated

Red List Indicator, 1995 - 2018

Indicator | 16 May 2019

Between 1950 and 1995, many species native to the Netherlands became endangered to some degree. Since 2005 the number of endangered species declined slightly and a noticeable... more

Exceedance of critical loads for nitrogen deposition on nature, 1995-2016

Indicator | 6 May 2019

The average nitrogen deposition on terrestrial ecosystems in the Netherlands has stabilised in recent years. However, across large areas of different ecosystems the deposition levels... more

Trend fauna - all species monitored - Living Planet Index Netherlands, 1990-2017

Indicator | 30 April 2019

The Living Planet Index of the Netherlands has increased with 6% since 1990. The increase is mainly attributable to developments in freshwater habitats. The trend has stabilised over... more

Number of threatened species in The Netherlands, by 2019

Indicator | 13 March 2019

Officially assembled Red Lists show that many Dutch plant and animal species are threatened with extinction.

Ecosystem quality and trends in nitrogen availability, 2017

Indicator | 6 December 2018

In many ecosystems the environmental pressure from nitrogen deposition is still too high. In forest, open dune and heath ecosystems in particular, conditions almost everywhere are... more

The Environmental Data Compendium is a partnership of CBS, PBL, RIVM and WUR.