Environmental Data Compendium
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Environment

Waste generation and treatment by sector, 1990-2012

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The amount of waste generated increased to almost 62 million tons (excluding contaminated soil, dredged materials and animal manure) in 2012. Nearly 93% of the waste generated was recovered; less and less waste is being sent to landfill.

Target group Method1) 1990 1995 2000 2010 2012
             
    million kg2)      
             
TOTAL Total 50 920 63 242 60 408 60 906 61 857
  recovery 31 355 50 925 50 350 53 842 57 406
  incineration 3 885 7 083 7 178 5 240 2 562
  landfill 13 875 4 832 2 232 1 404 1 310
  discharge/other3, 4) 1 805 402 648 420 519
             
Households total 6 195 8 650 9 115 8 823 8 578
  recovery 985 3 875 4 777 6 954 8 350
  incineration 1 925 3 485 3 945 1 753 157
  landfill 3 285 1 290 342 72 21
  discharge 0 0 51 43 49
             
Traffic and transport total 1 285 853 694 1 076 1 126
  recovery 1 060 788 361 694 631
  incineration 70 22 17 260 308
  landfill 155 43 42 25 22
  discharge 0 0 274 98 165
             
Agriculture, forestry total 2 340 2 497 2 329 2 561 2 501
and fisheries recovery 1 960 2 445 2 307 2 549 2 489
  incineration 75 43 12 3 3
  landfill 305 9 9 6 7
  discharge 0 0 1 3 3
             
Industry total 19 990 19 312 16 581 15 290 15 102
(incl. refineries)5) recovery 13 880 16 464 15 087 13 551 13 906
  incineration 645 1 400 877 1 103 650
  landfill 3 660 1 046 463 510 438
  discharge 1 805 402 154 127 108
             
Trade, services and total 3 990 4 894 5 112 5 376 5 443
government recovery 740 2 726 2 761 4 217 4 971
  incineration 900 852 1.432 866 124
  landfill 2 350 1 316 781 182 216
  discharge 0 0 138 110 133
             
Construction total 12 690 23 800 23 500 24 528 25 706
  recovery 9 315 22 720 22 960 23 986 25 196
  incineration 165 210 50 64 16
  landfill 3 200 870 485 455 477
  discharge 0 0 5 22 16
             
Energy supply total 1 390 1 674 1 397 1 497 1 544
  recovery 1 280 1 566 1 343 1 343 1 423
  incineration 25 5 9 22 18
  landfill 85 103 20 127 92
  discharge/other 0 0 25 5 12
             
Waste water treatment total 2 920 1 426 1 495 1 494 1 548
plants6) recovery 2 075 206 599 315 243
  incineration 80 1 066 836 1 162 1 279
  landfill 770 155 60 17 26
  discharge/other 0 0 0 1 1
             
Drinking water total 125 135 185 176 167
supply6) recovery 60 135 155 167 159
  incineration 0 0 0 2 0
  landfill 65 0 30 7 8
  discharge/other 0 0 0 0 0
             
Waste disposal total . . . 84 141
  recovery . . . 65 99
  incineration . . . 5 8
  landfill . . . 3 3
  discharge/other . . . 10 31
             
Source: Rijkswaterstaat Environment, CBS. CBS/CLO/jul15/0206
1) Treatment methods were redefined with the coming into force of the National Waste Management Plan (Landelijk afvalbeheerplan, LAP) and the Environmental Management Act (Wet milieubeheer). 'Recovery' therefore now includes preparation for re-use, recycling, use as fuel and other applications.
2) Excluding contaminated soil, dredged materials and animal manure.
3) The disposal of phosphogypsum was reported as discharge and the discharge of liquid waste streams (after treatment) was reported as recovery up to and including the year 2000. As of 2001, the discharge of liquid waste streams (after treatment) is reported separately as discharge. No phosphogypsum has been discharged since 2001.
4) As of 2003, discharge also includes 'liquid loss' during the drying of liquid waste streams prior to disposal.
5) As of 2004, the use of industrial waste as a fuel for energy generation falls under recovery and no longer under incineration.
6) Waste water treatment plants and the drinking water supply together make up the target group 'Actors in the water chain'.

Changes in amount of waste generated

The way in which much waste generation and treatment is monitored has changed. Where possible, these changes were implemented from 2006, but some only took effect in 2007 or 2008. The amount of waste increased over the last two years, to almost 62 million tons in 2012.

Less waste being sent to landfill and more recovered

There has been a considerable decrease in the amount of waste sent to landfill since 1990 (from almost 14 million tons, to 1.3 million tons in 2012). By contrast, there has been an increase of over 20 billion kg in the amount of waste recovered. Almost 57 million tons was recovered in 2012, in other words almost 93% of the total amount of waste generated in the Netherlands (excluding contaminated soil, dredged materials and animal manure).

References

  • Waste data was provided by Rijkswaterstaat Environment - Waste and was obtained from various sources, including NL Agency, Uitvoering Afvalbeheer and CBS.
  • Rijkswaterstaat Environment (2015). Nederlands afval in cijfers, gegevens 2006-2015, Rijkswaterstaat Environment - Waste, Utrecht. (not published yet)

Archive for this indicator

Reference for this page

CBS, PBL, RIVM, WUR (2015). Waste generation and treatment by sector, 1990-2012 (indicator 0206, version 12 , 22 July 2015 ). www.environmentaldata.nl. Statistics Netherlands (CBS), The Hague; PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Hague; RIVM National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven; and Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen.

The Environmental Data Compendium is a partnership of CBS, PBL, RIVM and WUR.