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Spatial developments

Use of renewable energy for transport, 2005-2013

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Since 2007 the use of renewable energy for transport increases, because government obliges suppliers of petrol and diesel to deliver renewable energy. In 2012 and 2013 the share of renewable energy was about 5% of the total energy use for transport.

Obligated share renewable energy for transport

In Dutch legislation it is established that a part of the total use of petrol and diesel for transport should be renewable energy. This obligation share increased form 2% in 2007 to 5% in 2013. In 2014 the share should increase to 5.5% (IenM, 2011). And to 6.25% in 2015 (IenM, 2013).
According the EU Guideline Renewable Energy, in 2020 member states are obliged to use a share of renewable energy for transport which corresponds with 10% of the total use of fuels and electricity for transport.

Realised share renewable energy

Due to differences in definitions the realised share of renewable energy for transport according the EU Guideline does not run parallel with the national obligation (CBS, 2014a). In 2013 the realised share renewable energy amounts to 5%.

Biofuels

Since 2007, suppliers of engine fuels for road traffic vehicles are obliged to supply these fuels with a certain percentage of biofuel. In practise, these are usually biofuel blended (mixed) with normal petrol and diesel. This obligation is therefore often referred to as a 'blending obligation'.
When calculating the share of renewable energy environmental fair biofuels are allowed be counted double. By now the double biofuels are very important. In 2013 70% of the biofuels were double counted, especially biodiesel form frying fat.

Sustainability of biofuels

There has been much public and political discussion in recent years about the desirability of using biofuels in road traffic vehicles. As a result of these discussions the EU Guideline contains sustainability criteria which imply reduction of the emissions of greenhouse gases, reduce damage to nature and respect social rights.

References

Archive for this indicator

Reference for this page

CBS, PBL, RIVM, WUR (2014). Use of renewable energy for transport, 2005-2013 (indicator 0535, version 13 , 18 November 2014 ). www.environmentaldata.nl. Statistics Netherlands (CBS), The Hague; PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Hague; RIVM National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven; and Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen.

The Environmental Data Compendium is a partnership of CBS, PBL, RIVM and WUR.