Spatial developments

Accessibility, defined as the distance between place of residence and place of work, has improved marginally over the past decade, but the average speed of cars and trains has decreased marginally. More locations are easily accessible by public transport, but population and employment have risen most rapidly in locations situated in the vicinity of motorways. The quality of life appears to have improved, but flood protection does not meet the standards.

The editors have selected the most important indicators. Together, they provide a picture of the current state of spatial developments.



Regional economic growth, 2014

Indicator | 29 June 2016

Excluding the sector mineral extraction, the Dutch economy grew 1.6 percent in 2014, following two years of contraction. Economic growth including mineral extraction was only 1.0... more

Employment and the live/work ratio by municipality, 2013

Indicator | 5 February 2016

In 2013, almost 17% of all the jobs in the Netherlands were located in the four major cities. Relatively more people worked than lived in urban areas.

Vacancy of office space, 1991-2015

Indicator | 19 January 2016

In the Netherlands, there is an oversupply of office space. On average, more than 17% of office space is unoccupied in 2015 and the percentage is still growing. There are regional... more

Vacancy of retail space, 2004-2015

Indicator | 19 January 2016

There is an oversupply of retail shops in the Netherlands. On average, more than 9% of total shop floor area is unoccupied in 2015. The percentage has been on the rise since 2008, but... more

Ownership of housing stock, 2006-2014

Indicator | 24 December 2015

On 1 January 2014, there were 7.5 million houses in the Netherlands. This represents an increase of 7.1% compared with 1 January 2006. Since 2006 a slight increase was seen in... more

The Environmental Data Compendium is a partnership of CBS, PBL, RIVM and WUR.