Environmental Data Compendium
62 factsheets about the environment

Energy and climate change

The economy of the Netherlands and other industrialized countries is based on a large input of energy. Oil, gas and coal are the main primary energy sources for the Netherlands. These fossil fuels provide the energy for our society.

Global warming is the result of a sum of influences greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, the sun, volcanoes and natural fluctuations in the climate system (caused mainly by oceans). Greenhouse gas emissions have been reduced, but if we want to establish a low-carbon society, more energy-saving measures must be implemented and we must continue to invest in renewable energy sources (wind, solar and biomass energy).

The editors have selected the most important indicators. Together, they provide a picture of energy and climate change.


Recently updated

Greenhouse gas emissions, 1990-2018

Indicator | 22 July 2020

In 2018, greenhouse gas emissions were 2.7% lower than in 2017, a decrease of 5.1 Mton CO2 equivalents. Emissions in 2018 were 15.1% lower than in 1990.

Ozone layer, 1980-2019

Indicator | 2 July 2020

The thickness of the ozone layer has decreased by 5% worldwide during the last 25 years, with most depletion taking place between 1980 and 1990. Since the early 1990s, it has remained... more

Greenhouse gas emissions, 1990-2016

Indicator | 6 September 2017

In 2016 greenhouse gas emissions (provisional data) were 0.7 per cent higher than in 2015. The level of the emissions was 12 per cent under the Kyoto protocol base year.

Greenhouse gas emissions, 1990-2015

Indicator | 25 April 2017

In 2015 greenhouse gas emissions were 4.1 per cent higher than in 2014. The level of the emissions was 12 per cent under the Kyoto protocol base year.

Sea level: Dutch coast and worldwide, 1890-2014

Indicator | 16 November 2016

The sea level along the Dutch coast steadily rose by about 23 cm during the last 125 years, a change of 1.9 mm per year. This is roughly in line with the sea-level rise worldwide;... more

The Environmental Data Compendium is a partnership of CBS, PBL, RIVM and WUR.