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Spatial developments

Changes in passenger and freight mobility, 2000-2012

Total passenger mobility (measured in kilometres travelled) increased by about 4% in the Netherlands between 2000 and 2012. Stabilisation was seen after 2007, in particular in relation to car use. A similar pattern was seen in goods transport by road.

  2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 2 2011 2 2012 2
               
  billion km travelled          
               
Passenger mobility 177 184 183 183 183 184 184
Car driver 86 93 94 94 94 96 96
Car passenger 46 45 43 42 41 41 40
Public transport 22 22 22 23 23 23 23
Slow traffic (mopeds, bicycles, pedestrians) 17 19 19 19 19 19 19
Other 5 5 5 6 6 6 6
Train 15 16.3 17 17.1 17.2 17.6 17.9
Bus, tram, metro 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.5 6.7 7  
Air travel (million passenger journeys) 40.8 50.5 50.4 46.5 48.7 54.1 55.8
               
  billion ton-km          
Goods transport 107 122 123 106.4 113.9 118.0 115.2
Road 48.9 55.2 56.3 53.6 55.8 55.8 53.9
Inland waterways 41.3 45 44.4 35.6 40.2 44.7 43.7
Rail 4.6 7.2 7 5.6 5.9 6.4 6
Pipeline 12.5 14.5 14.8 11.6 11.9 11.1 11.6
Total freight transhipment on Dutch territory
(million ton)
1,486 1,779 1,776 1,625 1,667 1,707 1,691
whose Air freight
transshipment
1.3 1.7 1.6 1.3 1.6 1.6 1.5
whose Sea freight
transshipment
424.5 536.8 560.4 509.5 568.0 577.5 585.5
               
Source: OVG / MON / OViN, NS, KpVV, KiM, WROOV / NEA, Airports, CBS
1 Because this is a sample, the volume of the annual mobility rate has a statistical uncertainty. This uncertainty has increased over the last 15 years steadily because the sample size of the OVG / MON / OViN decreased. The figures indicate a trend and not a hard figure from year to year. 2 Italic: provisional figures.

Changes in mobility

Total passenger mobility (measured in kilometres travelled) increased by about 4% in the Netherlands between 2000 and 2012. Stabilisation or a slight decline was seen after 2007, in particular in relation to car use. This stabilisation was partly due to the decrease in the number of kilometres travelled by car passengers. The number of kilometres travelled by car drivers and train passengers grew each after 2007, though this also levelled off.

As far as passenger mobility is concerned, cars are still the predominant transport type, responsible for 74% of the total number of kilometres travelled. Bicycle, moped and pedestrian kilometres mainly relate to short journeys and make up a total of 10% of the total number of kilometres travelled. Just 13% of the total kilometres travelled are by train, bus, tram or metro. Public transport is mainly used in the rush hour and for travel within, between, and to and from the larger cities.

Freight transport (measured in ton-kilometres) grew by 8% between 2000 and 2012. Following strong growth up to 2008, a sharp decrease was seen in 2009, then recovery in 2010. Freight transport is more sensitive to speculative fluctuations than passenger mobility. Particularly sensitive to speculation are freight transport by inland water, rail and air.

References

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Reference for this page

CBS, PBL, RIVM, WUR (2016). Changes in passenger and freight mobility, 2000-2012 (indicator 2141, version 02 , 15 January 2016 ). www.environmentaldata.nl. Statistics Netherlands (CBS), The Hague; PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Hague; RIVM National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven; and Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen.

The Environmental Data Compendium is a partnership of CBS, PBL, RIVM and WUR.