Nature, landscape and biodiversity

Number of threatened species

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Many Dutch plants and animals are threatened with extinction.

Threatened species in the Netherlands

Red lists of threatened species have been drawn up for many plant and animal species in the Netherlands. These lists show that, for every group of species, more than one third of all the species in that group are threatened (see figure). In the case of reptiles, stoneflies and butterflies, more than two thirds of the species are included on the red list. A relatively large number of species of butterflies, stoneflies, mayflies and bees are now extinct in the Netherlands.


  • IUCN (2008) The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland.
  • LNV (2009). Besluit van de Minister van Landbouw, Natuur en Voedselkwaliteit van 28 augustus 2009, nr. 25344, houdende vaststelling van geactualiseerd Rode lijsten flora en fauna.

Archive for this indicator

Reference for this page

CBS, PBL, RIVM, WUR (2014). Number of threatened species (indicator 1052, version 11 , 9 July 2014 ). Statistics Netherlands (CBS), The Hague; PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Hague; RIVM National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven; and Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen.

The Environmental Data Compendium is a partnership of CBS, PBL, RIVM and WUR.